Purpose: Endovascular treatment of posterior communicating artery aneurysms with fetal-type posterior communicating artery originating from the aneurysm dome is often challenging because, with conventional techniques, dense packing of aneurysms for posterior communicating artery preservation is difficult; moreover, flow-diversion devices are reportedly less effective. Herein, we describe a novel method called the λ stenting technique that involves deploying stents into the internal carotid artery and posterior communicating artery. Methods: Between January 2018 and September 2020, the λ stenting technique was performed to treat eight consecutive cases of aneurysms. All target aneurysms had a wide neck (dome/neck ratio < 2), a fetal-type posterior communicating artery with hypoplastic P1, and a posterior communicating artery originating from the aneurysm dome. The origin of the posterior communicating artery from the aneurysm, relative to the internal carotid artery, was steep (< 90°: V shape). Results: The maximum aneurysm size was 8.0 ± 1.9 mm (6–12 mm). The average packing density (excluding one regrowth case) was 32.7 ± 4.2% (26.8–39.1%). Initial occlusion was complete occlusion in 6 (75.0%) patients and neck remnants in 2 (25.0%) patients. Follow-up angiography was performed at 18.4 ± 11.6 months (3–38 months). There were no perioperative complications or reinterventions required during the study period. Conclusion: The λ stenting technique enabled dense coil packing and preservation of the posterior communicating artery. This technique enabled safe and stable coil embolization. Thus, it could become an alternative treatment option for this sub-type of intracranial aneurysms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine