The patient was a 73-year-old man with ascending colon cancer and synchronous liver metastases. A right hemicolectomy with a lymph node dissection was performed for the primary lesion. The resected specimen revealed a KRAS codon 12 mutation. After 6 courses of chemotherapy with capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab(Bv), we performed a partial hepatectomy and resection of the peritoneal dissemination. A computed tomography(CT)scan 5 months later revealed the recurrence of the liver metastases. After 8 courses of chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, Leucovorin, irinotecan, and Bv, we performed a partial hepatectomy. CT scan after 13 months revealed a recurrence in the peritoneal dissemination in the Douglas pouch and the right subphrenic space; therefore, we performed a low anterior resection and resection of the peritoneal dissemination with curative intent. CT scan after 19 months revealed a recurrence in the right subphrenic dissemination, a lung metastasis, and pleural dissemination. Chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Bv was administered for 2 years and 5 months. After 5 years and 9 months of the primary operation, the patient is alive. Recently, we have focused on the mechanism of multidrug resistance through NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase-1(NQO1)overexpression, which can be used to determine the role of an enzyme in sensitivity to toxicity and carcinogenesis. In this case, the pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed NQO1 negative expression. In conclusion, NQO1 may play a significant role in chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer patients.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 01-11-2017|
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