Pancreatic tail hypoplasia is a common manifestation of maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) 5 that can cause reno-genito-urinary malformations such as renal cysts and bicornuate uterus. A 69-year-old female was admitted to our hospital for consultation on her relatively high HbA1c value. At age 20, she was diagnosed with uterus bicornis. At age 68, she was diagnosed with pancreas tail hypoplasia, renal cysts and non-functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET) in addition to right hydronephrosis due to multiple ureteral bladder carcinomas. She received total right nephrectomy, ureterectomy and partial cystectomy for multiple ureteral bladder carcinomas [non-invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma, low grade (G1), pTa, LV10, u-rtx, RM0, and pN0 (0/8)]. She also received distal pancreatomy for pancreatic NET [NET G1]. She then was referred to our department at age 69 due to increase in her HbA1c value from 6.2 to 7.2%; 75 g oral glucose tolerance test revealed impaired glucose tolerance. Her clinical characteristics (uterus bicornis, pancreas hypoplasia, and renal cysts) closely resembled the phenotype of MODY5, in which mutations in the HNF1B gene have been reported. Our genetic testing failed to detect any mutation or microdeletion in the coding or minimal promoter regions of the HNF1B gene. Although there remains a possibility that genetic mutations in introns and regulatory regions of the HNF1B gene might cause the MODY5-like manifestations in this patient, these results might suggest involvement of genes other than HNF1B in the pathogenesis of our patient’s disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism