A clinical study on 106 infant cases who received detailed hearing tests after newborn hearing screening

Takayuki Okano, Noriko Iwai, Mirei Taniguchi, Juichi Ito

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Newborn hearing screening (NHS) has been conducted widely in Japan in the last decade, however, there seems to be some confusion regarding the significance of NHS or management of the results obtained from NHS among clinics and practitioners. The system of NHS in Japan should be improved and refined through continuous evaluation of NHS, in terms of cost effectiveness in particular, so that NHS can be conducted more efficiently and effectively. To achieve this goal, the authors thought it important to clarify the current status and roles of our department as a facility for infants with congenital hearing impairment. In the present study, we studied 106 infant cases who were referred to the Department of Otolaryngology in Kyoto University Hospital after NHS before the age of twelve months in a period of seven years from 2006 to 2012 via retrospective chart reviewing. 79.2% of 96 infants who were qualified as referred either unilaterally or bilaterally following NHS were diagnosed as having hearing impairment in any form, either unilateral or bilateral or conductive and/or sensorineural. The positive agreement rate was 88.7% in 53 cases who were qualified as referred bilaterally in NHS, demonstrating a high reliability of the NHS system. Twenty-four cases were diagnosed as having the need for hearing aids and were assigned to treatment and education. All the infants who underwent cochlear implantation in our department had severe bilateral hearing impairment of more than 105 dBnHL in both ears at the first examination. Moreover, a number of infants who were qualified as having passed in both ears in NHS or who had failed to receive NHS at birth were revealed as having hearing impairment and needed treatment later in the first year of their life suggesting thai NHS should be conducted in combination with periodical health checkups by family practitioners in order to identify infants with hearing impairment earlier in their life with higher efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1257
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Otolaryngology of Japan
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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