A comparison of guanfacine, bunazosin, atenolol and nadolol on blood pressure and plasma noradrenaline responses to cold pressor testing

Masatoshi Koshiji, Hiroyasu Ito, Shinya Minatoguchi, Hiroko Watanabe, Yoko Imai, Masao Kakami, Senri Hirakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

b 1. The role of the presynaptic adrenoceptor subtypes in man was investigated based on observation of the changes in blood pressure (ΔBP) and plasma noradrenaline concentration (ANA) with the cold pressor test (CPT). 2. The CPT was well reproducible for BP and NA when performed at a 2 week interval in patients with mild hypertension. 3. After administration for 4 weeks, guanfacine (Gf; (α‐adrenoceptor agonist) decreased the ΔNA response to CPT. 4. After administration for 2 or 4 weeks, bunazosin (Bu; α1‐adrenoceptor antagonist) atenolol (At; β1‐adrenoceptor antagonist) and nadolol (Nd; non‐selective β‐adrenoceptor antagonist) did not affect the ΔNA response to CPT. 5. Both Gf and Bu decreased the systolic blood pressure response (ΔSBP) to CPT after 4 weeks of the administration. Neither At nor Nd significantly changed the ΔSBP response to CPT. 6. It is likely that Gf stimulated the presynaptic α2 adrenoceptors at the sympathetic nerve endings as well as the central α2 adrenoceptors, inhibiting the release of noradrenaline. It is unlikely that Bu, At and Nd exerted any clearly defined action on the presynaptic adrenoceptors in human hypertensive subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-488
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-1992
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)

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