A comparison of techniques for collecting skin microbiome samples: Swabbing versus tape-stripping

Kazuhiro Ogai, Satoshi Nagase, Kanae Mukai, Terumi Iuchi, Yumiko Mori, Miki Matsue, Kayo Sugitani, Junko Sugama, Shigefumi Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


The swabbing and tape-stripping methods have traditionally been used for collecting skin microbiome samples for skin bacterial analysis, although no reports have compared the outcome of these methods for collecting skin bacteria. Our purpose was to show the differences in microbial composition between samples collected using the swabbing and tape-stripping methods, by both the next generation sequencing and culture studies. The skin microbiome was collected by both methods, and the samples were processed for a sequence-based microbiome analysis and culture study. The next-generation sequencing results showed that skin bacteria collected using the tape-stripping method were comparable to those collected using the swabbing method. In the culture study, the tape-stripping method collected a greater number and wider variety of viable skin bacteria than the swabbing method. These results suggest that the tape-stripping method is comparable to the swabbing method for collecting viable skin bacteria, without losing fidelity to the composition of skin microbiome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2362
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Issue numberOCT
Publication statusPublished - 02-10-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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