A Comprehensive Assessment of Tear-Film-Oriented Diagnosis (TFOD) in a Dacryoadenectomy Dry Eye Model

Saki Sakakura, Emi Inagaki, Yuichiro Ochiai, Masatoshi Yamamoto, Naofumi Takai, Taeko Nagata, Kazunari Higa, Yasunori Sato, Hiroshi Toshida, Dogru Murat, Masatoshi Hirayama, Yoko Ogawa, Kazuno Negishi, Shigeto Shimmura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tear film instability is a major cause of dry eye disease. In order to treat patients with short tear film breakup time (TBUT)-type dry eye, the development of tear film stabilizing agents is essential. However, the lack of an appropriate animal model of tear film instability has made drug development difficult. Although rabbit dry eye models have been reported in the past, there are only a few reports that focus on tear film instability. Herein, we assessed the tear film stability of a rabbit dry eye model induced by dacryoadenectomy. A clinical evaluation of the ocular surface, interferometry, and histological assessments of the cornea and conjunctiva were performed. Following the removal of the lacrimal glands, TBUT was shortened significantly, with dimple and random breakup patterns prominently observed. Furthermore, the blink rate in this model increased after dacryoadenectomy, suggesting that this model partially captured the phenotypes of human short TBUT-type dry eye and may be useful as an animal model for investigating potential drug candidates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16510
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 11-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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