The role of somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs) that occur in colorectal tumors is poorly understood. SCNAs are correlated with corresponding gene expression changes that may contribute to neoplastic progression. Thus, we examined SCNAs and the expression of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) located at corresponding loci in colorectal neoplasia, a progression model of human neoplasm. We used 42 colorectal neoplastic samples, including adenomas, intramucosal cancers (IMC) and invasive colorectal cancers (CRC) that were microsatellite stable (MSS) using a genome-wide SNP array and gene expression array (first cohort). In addition, validation analyses were examined (37 colorectal neoplasias). None of the mRNAs with a corresponding SCNA was found in the adenomas. However, three mRNAs, including ARFGEF2 at 20q13.13, N4BP2L2 at 13q13.1 and OLFM4 at 13q14.3 with a copy number (CN) gain at the corresponding locus were upregulated in IMCs of the first cohort. Moreover, upregulated expression of ARFGEF2 and OLFM4 was upregulated in the validation analysis. Finally, 28 mRNAs with gains of corresponding loci were pooled in invasive CRC of the first cohort. The mRNAs, including ACSS2 (20q11.22), DDX27 (20q13.13), MAPRE1 (20q11.21), OSBPL2 (20q11.22) and PHF20 (20q11.22-q11.23) with CN gains of the corresponding loci were identified in 28 mRNAs. Four of these mRNAs (DDX27, MAPRE1, OSBPL2 and PHF20) were upregulated in the invasive CRC in the validation analysis. We conclude that specific 13q and 22q CN gains with gene expression changes in the corresponding loci may play an important role in IMC cells' progression into invasive CRC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research