A multi-institutional, observational study of outcomes after catheter placement for peritoneal dialysis in Japan

Tsutomu Sakurada, Shigeki Kojima, Shohei Yamada, Kenichiro Koitabashi, Yasuhiro Taki, Katsuomi Matsui, Masaru Murasawa, Hiroo Kawarazaki, Sayaka Shimizu, Hironori Kobayashi, Toshihiro Asai, Koji Hashimoto, Taro Hoshino, Seita Sugitani, Tomochika Maoka, Akihiko Nagase, Hirotaka Sato, Kosuke Fukuoka, Tadashi Sofue, Kiyoto KoibuchiKiyomitsu Nagayama, Naoki Washida, Shigehisa Koide, Takayuki Okamoto, Daisuke Ishii, Satoshi Furukata, Kiyotaka Uchiyama, Shunsuke Takahashi, Yoshiko Nishizawa, Shotaro Naito, Naohiro Toda, Tsukasa Naganuma, Hidetoshi Kikuchi, Tomo Suzuki, Daisuke Komukai, Takahide Kimura, Hiroaki Io, Kazuhiro Yoshikawa, Toshihide Naganuma, Masamitsu Morishita, Jin Oshikawa, Keiichi Tamagaki, Hajime Fujisawa, Atsushi Ueda, Tomohiko Kanaoka, Hironori Nakamura, Mai Yanagi, Takashi Udagawa, Tatsuo Yoneda, Masashi Sakai, Masanobu Gunji, Shinichi Osaki, Hisako Saito, Yuuki Yoshioka, Nagayuki Kaneshiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This multi-institutional, observational study examined whether the outcomes after peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter placement in Japan meet the audit criteria of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) guideline and identified factors affecting technique survival and perioperative complications. Methods: Adult patients who underwent first PD catheter placement for end-stage kidney disease between April 2019 and March 2021 were followed until PD withdrawal, kidney transplantation, transfer to other facilities, death, 1 year after PD start or March 2022, whichever came first. Primary outcomes were time to catheter patency failure and technique failure, and perioperative infectious complications within 30 days of catheter placement. Secondary outcomes were perioperative complications. Appropriate statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the outcomes of interest. Results: Of the total 409 patients, 8 who underwent the embedded catheter technique did not have externalised catheters. Of the 401 remaining patients, catheter patency failure occurred in 25 (6.2%). Technical failure at 12 months after PD catheter placement calculated from cumulative incidence function was 15.3%. On Cox proportional hazards model analysis, serum albumin (hazard ratio (HR) 0.44; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.27–0.70) and straight type catheter (HR 2.14; 95% CI 1.24–3.69) were the independent risk factors for technique failure. On logistic regression analysis, diabetes mellitus was the only independent risk factor for perioperative infectious complications (odds ratio 2.70, 95% CI 1.30–5.58). The occurrence rate of perioperative complications generally met the audit criteria of the ISPD guidelines. Conclusion: PD catheter placement in Japan was proven to be safe and appropriate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-466
Number of pages10
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology

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