Objective: First, to propose a new technique for measuring muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV). Second, to ascertain the validation of the new method that uses F-waves (F-MFCV) in healthy volunteers. Third, to examine the relationship between F-MFCV and motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) in the same subjects. Subjects and methods: F-waves reflecting single motor units were recorded with a multi-channel surface electrode array and weak electrical stimulation to the median or ulnar nerves in 21 healthy volunteers. F-MFCVs of the abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) were calculated from the F-wave peak latency in each channel. MFCV during minimal voluntary contraction (V-MFVC) was measured in the same muscles. Results: There was no significant difference between F-MFCV and V-MFCV in the muscles tested. The mean F-MFCV value was similar to recently reported MFCV values generated by minimal voluntary contraction. No significant differences were found between the APB and ADM F-MFCVs, whereas the MCV of the ulnar nerve was faster than that of the median nerve. Conclusion: The MFCV in a single motor unit could be measured with a multi-channel surface electrode array by recording F-waves induced by weak stimulation. Since V-MFCV generated by minimal voluntary contraction is explained by the size principle, V-MFCV reflects small and slow conducting motor unit. There was no significant difference between F-MFCV and V-MFCV. It seemed that F-MFCV also reflected small motor unit. The reason for the lack of difference in the F-MFCVs of the ADM and APB is considered to be a relatively slow F-MFCV. Moreover, MCV reflected the speed of the fastest nerve fiber, whereas F-MFCV did not.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-06-2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Physiology (medical)