Shiga toxins have been shown to induce apoptosis on primary cultures, but not passaged ones, of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, independent of cytokine pre-treatment. Here, a peculiar pattern of caspase activation was observed; caspase-3 and -2, but not conventional upstream caspases, were activated at the initial phase of 6 hr, whereas a broad range inhibitor of caspases, VAD-fmk, but not mono-specific ones, suppressed DNA fragmentation and cell death. These results suggest additional analogous molecules, which have yet to be delineated, are involved. The requirement of retrograde uptake of toxins was also proved by the intervening effect of brefeldin A.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes