A novel endoscopic marker: Safety experiments in the rat stomach

A. Sugitachi, K. Otsuka, Y. Akiyama, T. Itabashi, H. Asahi, N. Uesugi, R. Tsutsumi, K. Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Study Aims: The study aimed to assess a newly developed endoscopic marker designed to cause only minor inflammatory reactions. Materials and Methods: Chitosan and carbon powder were used in the marker substance. The product was a viscoelastic solution, which was injected into the submucosa in rat stomach walls. The tissue reactions were then examined histopathologically. The structure of the injected marker substance was examined with electron microscopy into rat stomach walls. India ink, which is currently used as an endoscopic marker, served as the control. Results: Histopathological examination showed that inflammatory reactions with the novel agent were remarkably mild in the rat organs, while submucosally applied india ink caused severe inflammation in situ. The electron-microscopic findings showed that the carbon particles used were completely spherical in shape and that the carbon in the marker substance was entrapped in the chitosan networks. The india ink was shown to consist of a mixture of fine carbon particles and adhesive additives. Conclusions: The chitosan-carbon solution appears to be a promising endoscopic marker substance, causing significantly reduced inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-738
Number of pages4
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 07-2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology


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