Bulk cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were generated by in vitro stimulation of BMT donor lymphocytes with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive leukemic cells from an HLA-identical sibling patient. CTL were cytotoxic against the patient's leukemic cells as well as the EBV-lymphoblastoid cell line (EBV-LCL) generated from the patient's cells, suggesting that they recognize a minor histocompatibility antigen (mHAg). Subsequently, several CTL lines were established by a limiting dilution method and analyzed. One of these CTL lines, 16C12 CTL which used a single TCRβV3S1 for CD8 cells, lysed HLA-A31-positive leukemic cells and EBV-LCL, but not fibroblasts. The cytotoxicity against the patient's leukemic cells and EBV-LCL was blocked by anti-HLA-A31 moAb, anti-HLA-class I moAb, and anti-CD8 moAb, suggesting that this mHAg was presented with HLA-A31. The antigen recognized by 16C12 CTL seemed to be a novel mHAg, since HLA-A31 restricted antigen has not been reported to date and 16C12 CTL showed no cytotoxicity against EBV-LCL which probably express known mHAgs. CTL detecting this mHAg may play an important role in the GVL effect in HLA-A31-positive BMT patients.
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