A pilot study assessing sphingolipids and glycolipids dysmetabolism in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus

Tatsuro Mutoh, Yoshiki Niimi, Shinji Ito, Hisako Akiyama, Ryoichi Shiroki, Yoshio Hirabayashi, Kiyotaka Hoshinaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus usually exhibits triad of symptoms including gait disturbance, urinary incontinence, and dementia with ventriculomegaly. Currently, its pathogenesis remains to be fully elucidated. To provide a better understanding of this order, we examined whether dysmetabolism of sphingolipids as major lipid components in the brain present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the patients. Here, we measured various sphingolipidsincluding ceramide and sphingomyelin and glycolipids by electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry in the cerebrospinal fluid of 19 consecutive idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus patients, 49 Parkinson's disease patients, and 17 neurologically normal controls. The data showed that there was a significant and specific reduction of all galactosylceramide subspecies levels in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus patients compared with other groups, whereas ceramide and sphingomyelin levels as well as other neutral glycolipids such as glucosylceramide and lactosylceramide were similar in both disease states. Multiple regression analysis of sex and age did not show any correlation with galactosylceramide levels. We also examined whether MMSE scores are correlated with sphingolipid levels in iNPH patients. A specific subspecies of sphingomyelin (d18:1/18:0) only exhibited a statistically significant negative correlation (p = 0.0473, R = −0.4604) with MMSE scores but no other sphingolipids in iNPH patients. These data strongly suggest that myelin-rich galactosylceramide metabolism is severely impaired in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus patients and might serve as the basis of biomarker for this disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume639
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08-01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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