A practical guide for perioperative smoking cessation

Hiroki Iida, Tetsuya Kai, Michioki Kuri, Kumiko Tanabe, Masashi Nakagawa, Chizuru Yamashita, Hiroshi Yonekura, Mami Iida, Ikuo Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The perioperative management of patients who are smokers presents anesthesiologists with various challenges related to respiratory, circulatory, and other clinical problems. Regarding 30-day postoperative outcomes, smokers have higher risks of mortality and complications than non-smokers, including death, pneumonia, unplanned tracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Given the benefits of smoking cessation and the adverse effects of smoking on perioperative patient management, patients should quit smoking long before surgery. However, anesthesiologists cannot address these issues alone. The Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists established guidelines in 2015 (published in a medical journal in 2017) to enlighten surgical staff members and patients regarding perioperative tobacco cessation. The primary objective of perioperative smoking cessation is to reduce the risks of adverse cardiovascular and respiratory events, wound infection, and other perioperative complications. Perioperative preparations constitute a powerful teachable moment, a “golden opportunity” for smoking cessation to achieve improved primary disease outcomes and prevent the occurrence of tobacco-related conditions. This review updates the aforementioned guidelines as a practical guide to cover the nuts and bolts of perioperative smoking cessation. Its goal is to assist surgeons, anesthesiologists, and other medical professionals and to increase patients’ awareness of smoking risks before elective surgery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Anesthesia
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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