Many studies have proved the relevance of local immune responses, rather than systemic immunity, to the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis. Indeed, allergen-specific B lymphocyte undergoes class switching to IgE in situ. However, the relative contribution of in situ production to the amount in serum is still ambiguous. Here, a quantitative comparison of the local concentration of allergen-specific IgE with the systemic concentration was explored for the estimation. Among seasonal rhinitis patients, total and Japanese cedar pollen (JCP)-specific IgE, IgA and IgG antibodies were quantified in nasal lavage fluid (NLF) and serum with the time-resolved fluorescence immunosorbent assay. Although the total amounts of IgE and IgG classes in the NLF, which were apparently passive discharge from the mucosal tissue, were smaller and variable, the relative proportions of JCP-specific antibodies could be quantitatively compared between NLF and serum or between subjects. The proportions of specific IgE in the NLF were remarkably higher than in serum (average 13.2-fold) in most subjects, which strongly supported the predominant in situ production of the specific IgE and subsequent dilutions in the systemic circulations. Similar but smaller values were obtained for IgA (average 3.7-fold). In contrast, the specific proportions of IgG in the NLF were surprisingly consistent with serum (average 1.0-fold), suggesting that the specific IgG was mostly produced in the downstream lymphoid organs. The local productions of specific IgE would encourage the topical therapies and the usage of the NLF for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
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