A randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of the prevention of aspiration pneumonia using recommendations for swallowing care guided by ultrasound examination

Yuka Miura, Gojiro Nakagami, Koichi Yabunaka, Haruka Tohara, Hiroshi Noguchi, Taketoshi Mori, Hiromi Sanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prevention for aspiration pneumonia requires assessment of aspiration and adequate swallowing care. This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound examination and recommendations for swallowing care for the reduction of aspiration and pharyngeal post-swallow residue as compared with standard swallowing care. Twenty-three participants were randomized to the intervention group and 23 to the control group. The intervention consisted of four ultrasound examinations during mealtimes and recommendations for swallowing care every 2 weeks during an 8 week period. No recommendations concerning swallowing care based on ultrasound examinations were provided to the control group. The frequency of aspiration or residue was defined as x/y × 100% when aspiration or residue were detected x times from y times concerning the total ultrasound measurements. The proportion of the residents with reduced frequency of aspiration which was detected by ultrasonography at eight weeks were 4.3% in the intervention group and 0% in the control group. The median reduction in the frequency of aspiration and residue in the intervention group was 31%, and that in the control group was 11%. In conclusion, swallowing care guided by frequent ultrasound examinations during mealtimes had a trend of reducing the frequency of aspiration and residue during an 8-week period in individuals relative to standard swallowing care alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Health Information Management
  • Leadership and Management

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of the prevention of aspiration pneumonia using recommendations for swallowing care guided by ultrasound examination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this