A randomized, double-blind, placebocontrolled pilot trial of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy for refractory angina pectoris

Tomohiko Shindo, Kenta Ito, Tsuyoshi Ogata, Ryo Kurosawa, Kumiko Eguchi, Yuta Kagaya, Kenichiro Hanawa, Yuhi Hasebe, Kensuke Nishimiya, Takashi Shiroto, Jun Takahashi, Yasuo Okumura, Teruo Noguchi, Yukio Ozaki, Hiroyuki Daida, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Tohru Masuyama, Taishiro Chikamori, Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Kenichi TsujitaHiroshi Kanai, Satoshi Yasuda, Hiroaki Shimokawa

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Abstract

Background Despite the advances in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, effective treatment remains to be established to improve the quality of life and prognosis of patients with chronic coronary syndromes. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) therapy, which we have developed as a novel noninvasive angiogenic therapy through upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Methods and findings We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (RCT) pilot trial of the LIPUS therapy for patients with refractory angina pectoris. The patients who received optimal medical therapy without indication of PCI or CABG due to the lack of graftability or complexity of coronary lesions were enrolled. They were randomly divided into the LIPUS treatment group (N = 31) and the placebo group (N = 25) in a 1:1 fashion. The LIPUS therapy was performed in a transthoracic manner for 20 min for 3 sections each (mitral, papillary muscle, and apex levels) under the conditions that we identified; frequency 1.875 MHz, intensity 0.25 MPa, and 32 cycles. The primary endpoint was weekly use of nitroglycerin. Secondary endpoints included stress myocardial perfusion imaging and others. The average weekly nitroglycerin use (times/week) was decreased from 5.50 to 2.44 in the LIPUS group and from 5.94 to 2.83 in the placebo group. The changes in the average weekly nitroglycerin use were comparable; -3.06 (95% CI: -4.481 to -1.648) in the LIPUS group (P<0.01) and -3.10 (95% CI: -4.848 to -1.356) in the placebo group (P<0.01). No adverse effects were noted. Conclusions In the present study, the LIPUS therapy did not further ameliorate chest pain as compared with optimal medications alone in patients with refractory angina pectoris. The present findings need to be confirmed in another trial with a large number of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0287714
JournalPloS one
Volume18
Issue number6 JUNE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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