The effect of inhibition of mitogen and stress-activated protein kinases 1/2 (MSK1/2) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells was investigated. Pretreatment with Ro 31-8220, an inhibitor of MSK1/2, induced cell death in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. In contrast, calphostin C, another inhibitor of protein kinase C, did not cause cell death. Cell death was not mediated by the release of pro-inflammatory mediators from LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Cell death was accompanied by DNA fragmentation and annexin V binding, suggesting apoptotic cell death. Further, several caspase inhibitors did not prevent LPS-induced cell death of Ro 31-8220-pretreated RAW 264.7 cells. Nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) was detected in Ro 31-8220-pretreated cells after LPS stimulation. Cell death was due to mitochondrial damage. Ro 31-8220 exclusively inhibited the phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB), a substrate of MSK1/2. RAW 264.7 cells transfected with the dominant-negative MSK1 clones underwent cell death in response to LPS. Hence, it was suggested that MSK1/2 might play a critical role in the survival of LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases