Animal testing of cosmetic ingredients and products has been banned in the European Union since 2013. However, in Japan, the application of new quasi-drugs requires the generation of data on acute oral toxicity through animal testing. A weight of evidence approach for assessing oral toxicity was challenged. This approach used a combination of safety data, including a neutral red uptake cytotoxicity assay using BALB/c3T3 cells (3T3-NRU cytotoxicity assay), which can assess the acute oral toxicity of quasi-drugs or cosmetic ingredients. We conclude that the step-by-step approach can be used to assess test substances that cause low acute oral toxicity, such as the median lethal dose (LD 50) > 2000 mg/kg, thereby avoiding animal testing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis