Summary: The effect of Pam3CSK4, a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) ligand, on interferon-γ (IFN-γ) -induced nitric oxide (NO) production in mouse vascular endothelial END-D cells was studied. Pre-treatment or post-treatment with Pam3CSK4 augmented IFN-γ-induced NO production via enhanced expression of an inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein and mRNA. Pam3CSK4 augmented phosphorylation of Janus kinase 1 and 2, followed by enhanced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) at tyrosine 701. Subsequently, the enhanced STAT1 activation augmented IFN-γ-induced IFN-regulatory factor 1 expression leading to the iNOS expression. Pam3CSK4 also induced the activation of p38 and subsequent phosphorylation of STAT1 at serine 727. A pharmacological p38 inhibitor abolished the augmentation of IFN-γ-induced NO production by Pam3CSK4. Surprisingly, Pam3CSK4 enhanced a physical association of MyD88 and IFN-γ receptor. Together, these findings suggest that Pam3CSK4 up-regulates IFN-γ signalling in vascular endothelial cells via the physical association between MyD88 and IFN-γ receptor α, and p38-dependent serine 727 STAT1 phosphorylation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy