Background: Vitamin D deficiency is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the benefits of vitamin D supplementation versus vitamin D receptor activator (VDRA) administration have yet to be established. Recently, an association between activated vitamin D and cardiovascular factors was reported. To evaluate the benefits of VDRA in advanced CKD, we analyzed the association between VDRA administration and the prevalence of pulmonary congestion. Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional analysis included patients initiated on dialysis between October 2011 and September 2013 at 17 Japanese institutions. Data from 952 participants were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model and a linear regression model. We also analyzed subgroup data for groups classified by selection of peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis. Results: Of the 952 participants, 303 patients received VDRA. VDRA administration was associated with a low prevalence of pulmonary congestion in the multivariate logistic regression model (odds ratio [OR], 0.64; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.44–0.94; P = 0.02). There was no significant association between VDRA administration and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, or pulse pressure. Subgroup analysis revealed a tendency that VDRA administration was associated with low prevalence of pulmonary congestion in both groups. Conclusions: In this study, VDRA administration was associated with a low prevalence of pulmonary congestion in patients initiated on dialysis. Appropriate VDRA administration may prevent pulmonary congestion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)