Absolute quantification of regional cerebral glucose utilization in mice by 18F-FDG small animal PET scanning and 2-14C-DG autoradiography

Hiroshi Toyama, Masanori Ichise, Jeih San Liow, Kendra J. Modell, Douglass C. Vines, Takanori Esaki, Michelle Cook, Jurgen Seidel, Louis Sokoloff, Michael V. Green, Robert B. Innis

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of absolute quantification of regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMRglc) in mice by use of 18F-FDG and a small animal PET scanner. rCMR glc determined with 18F-FDG PET was compared with values determined simultaneously by the autoradiographic 2-14C-DG method. In addition, we compared the rCMRglc values under isoflurane, ketamine and xylazine anesthesia, and awake states. Methods: Immediately after injection of 18F-FDG and 2-14C-DG into mice, timed arterial samples were drawn over 45 min to determine the time courses of 18F-FDG and 2-14C-DG. Animals were euthanized at 45 min and their brain was imaged with the PET scanner. The brains were then processed for 2- 14C-DG autoradiography. Regions of interest were manually placed over cortical regions on corresponding coronal 18F-FDG PET and 2- 14C-DG autoradiographic images. rCMRglc values were calculated for both tracers by the autoradiographic 2-14C-DG method with modifications for the different rate and lumped constants for the 2 tracers. Results: Average rCMRglc values in cerebral cortex with 18F-FDG PET under normoglycemic conditions (isoflurane and awake) were generally lower (by 8.3%) but strongly correlated with those of 2- 14C-DG (r2 = 0.95). On the other hand, under hyperglycemic conditions (ketamine/xylazine) average cortical rCMRglc values with 18F-FDG PET were higher (by 17.3%) than those with 2- 14C-DG. Values for rCMRglc and uptake (percentage injected dose per gram [%ID/g]) with 18F-FDG PET were significantly lower under both isoflurane and ketamine/xylazine anesthesia than in the awake mice. However, the reductions of rCMRglc were markedly greater under isoflurane (by 57%) than under ketamine and xylazine (by 19%), whereas more marked reductions of %ID/g were observed with ketamine/xylazine (by 54%) than with isoflurane (by 37%). These reverse differences between isoflurane and ketamine/xylazine may be due to competitive effect of 18F-FDG and glucose uptake to the brain under hyperglycemia. Conclusion: We were able to obtain accurate absolute quantification of rCMRglc with mouse 18F-FDG PET imaging as confirmed by concurrent use of the autoradiographic 2-14C-DG method. Underestimation of rCMR glc by 18F-FDG in normoglycemic conditions may be due to partial-volume effects. Computation of rCMRglc from 18F-FDG data in hyperglycemic animals may require, however, alternative rate and lumped constants for 18F-FDG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1398-1405
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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