Podosomes are actin-enriched adhesion structures important for multiple cellular processes, including migration, bone remodeling, and phagocytosis. Here, we characterize the structure and organization of phagocytic podosomes using interferometric photoactivated localization microscopy, a super-resolution microscopy technique capable of 15–20 nm resolution, together with structured illumination microscopy and localization-based super-resolution microscopy. Phagocytic podosomes are observed during frustrated phagocytosis, a model in which cells attempt to engulf micropatterned IgG antibodies. For circular patterns, this results in regular arrays of podosomes with well-defined geometry. Using persistent homology, we develop a pipeline for semi-automatic identification and measurement of podosome features. These studies reveal an hourglass shape of the podosome actin core, a protruding knob at the bottom of the core, and two actin networks extending from the core. Additionally, the distributions of paxillin, talin, myosin II, α-actinin, cortactin, and microtubules relative to actin are characterized.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)