Big mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (BMK1) is a new member of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family. In the present study, we investigated whether glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) can induce activation of BMK1 through RET tyrosine kinase. Its activation reached a maximal level at 30 min and continued at least for 120 min after GDNF stimulation. In addition, we detected BMK1 activation in NIH3T3 cells expressing RET with a multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2A mutation. The level of BMK1 activation markedly decreased by replacement of tyrosine 1062 with phenylalanine (designated Y1062F) in RET, indicating the importance of down-stream signaling via tyrosine 1062. However, although both RAS/MAPK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)/AKT signaling pathways are activated via tyrosine 1062, BMK1 activation by GDNF was not significantly impaired by treatment with an MEK1 inhibitor, PD98059, or two distinct PI3-K inhibitors, LY294002 and wortmannin, suggesting that the RAS and PI3-K signaling pathways are not crucial for BMK1 activation by GDNF. Moreover, luciferase reporter assays revealed that RET-MEN2A mutant proteins can activate the MEF2C transcription factor that is known to be a cellular target for BMK1, and that its activation is impaired by the Y1062F mutation or by expression of a dominant negative form of MEK5.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology