Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is known to contribute to human cancer progression through its potential function as a mitogenic, angiogenic, or motogenic factor. We found a high level of IL-8 production in SK-N-MC human primitive neuroectodermal tumor cells transfected with the human RET gene (SK-N-MC (RET) cells) in response to glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) stimulation. IL-8 was also produced at high levels in TT human medullary thyroid carcinoma and TPC-1 human papillary thyroid carcinoma cell lines both of which express activated RET tyrosine kinase. To investigate which signaling pathways are responsible for IL-8 expression, we treated SK-N-MC (RET) cells with several kinase inhibitors before GDNF stimulation. The results showed that a MEK1 inhibitor, PD98059, a p38MAPK inhibitor, SB202190, and a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, Calphostin C, markedly decreased the IL-8 secretion from SK-N-MC (RET) cells at 24 h after GDNF stimulation. In contrast, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) inhibitor, LY294002, increased its secretion. These results thus suggested that IL-8 production by RET tyrosine kinase is regulated by multiple signaling pathways.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 14-06-2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology