Transfection of the cDNA encoding the activated c-raf-1 protein or addition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) or dibutyryl cAMP to NIH/3T3 cells activated the c-fos gene enhancer linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase or luciferase reporter gene. Prolonged treatment of NIH/3T3 cells with phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate caused down-regulation of protein kinase C. In these cells, addition of TPA did not stimulate the c-fos gene enhancer any more, but transfection of the c-raf-1 cDNA or addition of dibutyryl cAMP still stimulated the c-fos gene enhancer to the same extent as those induced in the control cells. Transfection of the c-raf-1 cDNA or addition of TPA to NIH/3T3 cells stimulated the serum response element and TPA response element but not the cAMP response element. In contrast, addition of dibutyryl cAMP to NIH/3T3 cells stimulated the cAMP response element but not the serum response element or TPA response element. These results indicate that the activated c-raf-1 protein stimulates the serum response element and TPA response element in a manner independent of protein kinase C and cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Since the c-fos gene enhancer has been shown to contain the serum response element and cAMP response element, it is most likely that the c-raf-1 protein is involved in the regulation of c-fos gene expression through the serum response element.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology