若年者の一般用医薬品による急性薬物中毒の現状

Translated title of the contribution: Acute drug poisoning among adolescents using over-the-counter drugs: Current status

Masayuki Hirose, Akihiko Hirakawa, Wakana Niwa, Takahiko Higashiguchi, Kousuke Tajima, Takahiro Kato, Shigeki Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We discuss the current status of, and possible countermeasures for, acute drug poisoning among adolescents using OTC drugs. In the last 10 years, 36 patients aged < 20 years who overdosed on OTC drugs were examined for the type of drug ingested, its active ingredients in cases of lethal dose intake, and the relevant place of purchase. Patients aged < 20 years accounted for 30% of all the cases. The ingestion of multi-ingredient common-cold medication was the highest at 23%, and no ingestion of any first-class OTC drugs was observed. Caffeine accounted for 54% of the cases of lethal dose intake. At 80%, the most common method of drug purchase was from drugstores and other OTC vendors. In recent years, the number of adolescents patients who take lethal doses of OTC drugs has been increasing, and new measures are needed to avoid such cases. School pharmacists and vendors play a major role in reducing the incidences of drug poisoning. As drugs can be easily purchased over the counter, increasing the vendors' awareness of the problem throughout society may be the quickest way to reduce the incidences of acute drug poisoning among adolescents.

Translated title of the contributionAcute drug poisoning among adolescents using over-the-counter drugs: Current status
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)1389-1392
Number of pages4
JournalYakugaku Zasshi
Volume141
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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