Acute Kidney Injury Induced by Antimicrobial Agents in the Elderly: Awareness and Mitigation Strategies

Fumihiro Mizokami, Tomohiro Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of antimicrobial agents has increased in recent years as treatments have diversified and resistant bacteria have appeared. With increased use of antimicrobial agents, elderly patients are prone to adverse drug reactions (ADRs) as a result of factors such as drug–drug interactions, polypharmacy, long-term use, and over- or under-dosage. In particular, elderly patients using antimicrobials are at increased risk to develop drug-induced acute kidney injury (AKI), which is the most common severe ADR in such patients. AKI is a serious problem that is associated with mortality amongst hospitalized patients. Antimicrobial-induced AKI can be classified into three different types: acute tubular necrosis (ATN), acute interstitial nephritis (AIN), and renal tubule lumen obstruction. AKI can generally be prevented by proper maintenance of fluid balance. To design dosage regimens that ensure efficient drug excretion via the kidney, it is necessary to accurately estimate renal function; however, the kidney undergoes age-dependent structural and functional alterations over time. Therefore, proper management of antimicrobial agents by an antimicrobial stewardship team may lead to decreased incidence of AKI. This article reviews antimicrobial-induced AKI and discusses potential strategies for increasing awareness of AKI and mitigating its clinical effects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDrugs and Aging
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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