An otherwise healthy 44-year-old woman exhibited isolated unilateral oculomotor nerve palsy accompanied by an influenza A infection. An intra-orbital MRI scan revealed that her right third intracranial nerve was enlarged and enhanced. She recovered completely during the first month after treatment with oseltamivir phosphate. Although intracranial nerve disorders that result from influenza infections are most frequently reported in children, it is noteworthy that influenza can also cause focal intracranial nerve inflammation with ophthalmoparesis in adults. These disorders can be diagnosed using intra-orbital MRI scans with appropriate sequences and through immunological assays to detect the presence of antiganglioside antibodies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine