Background: Computed tomography (CT) has important roles for lung cancer screening, and therefore radiation dose reduction by using iterative reconstruction technique and scanning methods receive widespread attention. Purpose: To evaluate the effect of two reconstruction techniques (filtered back projection [FBP] and adaptive iterative dose reduction using three-dimensional processing [AIDR 3D]) and two acquisition techniques (wide-volume scan [WVS] and helical scan as 64-detector-row CT [64HS]) on the lung nodule identifications of using a chest phantom. Material and Methods: A chest CT phantom including lung nodules was scanned using WVS and 64HS at nine different tube currents (TCs; range, 270-10 mA). All CT datasets were reconstructed with AIDR 3D and FBP. Standard deviation (SD) measurements by region of interest placement and qualitative nodule identifications were statistically compared. 64HS and WVS were evaluated separately, and FBP images acquired with 270mA was defined as the standard reference. Results: SDs of all datasets with AIDR 3D showed no significant differences (P>0.05) with standard reference. When comparing nodule identifications, area under the curve on WVS with AIDR 3D with TC <30 mA, on 64HS with AIDR 3D with TC <40 mA, and on reconstructions with FBP and each scan method with TC <60mA was significantly lower than with standard reference (P<0.05). With the same TC and reconstruction, SDs and nodule identifications of WVS were not significantly different from 64HS (P>0.05). Conclusion: In term of SD of lung parenchyma and nodule identification, AIDR 3D can achieve more radiation dose reduction than FBP and there is no significant different between WVS and 64HS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging