The use of adenoviral vectors has recently provided a novel strategy for direct gene transfer into the cochlea. In this study, we assessed the utility of an adenoviral vector expressing glial-cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in ischemia-reperfusion injury of the gerbil cochlea. The vector was injected through the round window 4 days before ischemic insult. The distribution of a reporter transgene was confirmed throughout the cochlea from the basal to the apical turn and Western blot analysis indicated significant upregulation of GDNF protein 11 days following virus inoculation. Hearing ability was assessed by sequentially recording compound action potentials (CAP), and the degree of hair cell loss in the organ of Corti was evaluated in specimens stained with rhodamine-phalloidin and Hoechst 33342. On the seventh day of ischemia, the CAP threshold shift and inner hair cell loss were remarkably suppressed in the Ad-GDNF group compared with the control group. These results suggest that adenovirus-mediated overexpression of GDNF is useful for protection against hair cell damage, which otherwise eventually occurs after transient ischemia of the cochlea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology