Objective: To examine the effect of onset to admission interval (OAI) and stroke type on activities of daily living (ADL) outcome. Materials and Methods: Stroke patients (n=3112) admitted to and discharged from comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation wards at Nanakuri Memorial Hospital were classified into 8 OAI segments and by stroke type [intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and cerebral infarction (CI)]. Motor subscore of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM-M) on admission, FIM-M at discharge, FIM-M gain, length of stay (LOS), and FIM-M efficiency in the ICH and CI group matched by OAI segment were compared using the Wilcoxon test. Multiple comparisons using the Steel-Dwass test of FIM-M on admission, FIM-M at discharge, FIM-M gain, LOS, and FIM-M efficiency by OAI segments were performed. Results: FIM-M on admission was lower in the ICH group than the CI group in matched OAI segments. However, FIM-M improvement was greater in the ICH group than the CI group, resulting in no difference in FIM-M between groups at discharge. In both groups, the longer the OAI, the lower the FIM-M on admission and at discharge. The distribution pattern of significant differences among OAI segments differed between the groups. LOS tended to be longer and FIM-M efficiency tended to be higher in the ICH group than in the CI group. Conclusions: The brain mass effect at the time of admission was larger and took longer to decrease in the ICH group than in the CI group. These results may improve prediction of outcomes in comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation wards.
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 12-2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine