Advances in treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer.

Fumitaka Kikkawa, Akihiro Nawa, Kazuhiko Ino, Kiyosumi Shibata, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Seiji Nomura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since most cases of epithelial ovarian cancer are advanced at diagnosis, this disease is one of the most lethal malignancies of the female genital tract. In recent years, aggressive cytoreductive surgery and chemotherapy have been employed in an attempt to improve the survival rate in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Introduction of platinum anticancer drugs increased survival rate, and several randomized studies have been tried to establish the better combination of anticancer drugs. As a result, the combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin was considered as standard regimen for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Since International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) accepted a postoperative staging system in 1988, staging laparotomy needs hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, omentectomy, and pelvic and para-aorta lymphadenectomy. However, the influence of lymphadenectomy on survival still remains controversial. Complete resection of the tumor is often difficult since the disease has spread to the abdominal cavity. In such cases, interval debulking surgery is performed after chemotherapy to remove tumors completely. The effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking surgery still remains unclear. This review will describe the advances in surgical procedures and chemotherapy in treatment of ovarian cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalNagoya journal of medical science
Volume68
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 01-2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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