Alteration of endothelin-1 concentration in STZ-induced diabetic rat nephropathy: Effects of a PGI2 derivative

Yasutoshi Itoh, Akira Nakai, Hiroaki Kakizawa, Masaki Makino, Kentaro Fujiwara, Takako Kobayashi, Taiya Kato, Mutsuko Nagata, Naohisa Oda, Hideki Katsumata, Akio Nagasaka, Mitsuyasu Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recently, an endothelin (ET-1) with a potent vasoconstrictive activity and stimulative activity of vascular muscular cell growth was discovered and blood ET-1 levels were higher in diabetic patients than in healthy subjects, suggesting that high ET-1 levels assist development and progression of diabetic microangiography. Methods: We examined renal function, and serum and tissue ET-1 levels in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats treated with a prostaglandin (PG) I2 derivative to investigate the effect of PGI2 in diabetic vascular disturbance. Results: Renal weight, urinary albumin, urinary N-acetyl-β,D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and serum ET-1 levels increased in STZ-induced diabetic rats, and a tendency to increase in renal tissue ET-1 levels was observed. Furthermore, electron-microscopic findings in the kidneys showed mesangial cell proliferation and mesangial matrix expansion which might be caused by diabetic nephropathy. The PGI2 derivative reduced urinary albumin and NAG levels in STZ-induced rats. It was considered, therefore, that the PGI2 derivative is effective in diabetic nephropathy. As the PGI2 derivative also reduced renal tissue ET-1 levels, improvement of diabetic nephropathy partially was considered to result from the reduction of renal tissue ET-1 levels. Conclusion: In STZ-induced rats, increased serum ET-1 levels and a tendency to increase in renal tissue ET-1 levels were associated with increases in urinary albumin and NAG levels, and these levels were decreased by a PGI2 derivative. These findings suggested that increased ET-1 concentrations assist development and progression of diabetic nephropathy, especially diabetic microangiopathy, and the PGI2 derivative may be effective for inhibition of diabetic microangiopathy mediated by reduction of ET-1 concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalHormone Research
Volume56
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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