We examined alterations in the cyclic AMP generating system and G protein subunits in gerbil hippocampus following 10 min of transient ischemia. In hippocampal slices, basal and isoproterenol- and forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulations were markedly increased at 6 and 24 h after ischemia. Interestingly, both the inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP and the potentiation of β-adrenoceptor-stimulated cyclic AMP by a γ-aminobutyric acid(B) receptor agonist were attenuated at these time points. Ischemia did not affect the immunolabeling of any of the G protein α subunits; only that of β subunits was significantly decreased, by 28.2%, 4 days after ischemia. In contrast, pertussis toxin-catalyzed [32P]ADP ribosylation declined progressively during the late recirculation period, reaching a significant reduction (25.4%) at 6 h after ischemia. These results suggest that ischemia affects the heterotrimeric conformation (αβγ) of G(i)/G(o) during the recirculation period, thereby leading to increased cyclic AMP production. Because cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A modulates the α-amino-3- hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid-kainate receptor channels, postischemic sensitization of the cyclic AMP generating system may contribute to neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine