An Infant Case of Transient Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis and Fanconi Syndrome Caused by Rotavirus Gastroenteritis

Naonori Kumagai, Takuma Matsuki, Makiko Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report an infant case of transient distal renal tubular acidosis and Fanconi syndrome caused by rotavirus gastroenteritis. A 10-month-old boy was admitted to the hospital because of frequent vomiting, lack of vitality, and dehydration. He was diagnosed with rotavirus gastroenteritis on account of his positive stool rotavirus antigen test. Although he presented with acidemia and severe mixed metabolic acidosis, he also had a urine pH of 6.0, indicating impaired urinary acidification. Therefore, he was diagnosed with distal renal tubular acidosis. On the third day of hospitalization, a relatively low %tubular reabsorption of phosphate level with hypophosphatemia, increased fractional excretion of uric acid with hypouricemia, and high urinary β2-microglobulin levels were observed. Moreover, he was diagnosed with Fanconi syndrome on account of multiple proximal tubular dysfunctions. After remission of rotavirus gastroenteritis, the signs of renal tubular dysfunction improved. This was a case of rotavirus gastroenteritis-caused transient distal renal tubular acidosis and Fanconi syndrome. Severe metabolic acidosis resulted from anion-gap metabolic acidosis due to acute kidney injury by rotavirus gastroenteritis and normal anion-gap acidosis due to renal tubular acidosis. When renal tubular acidosis is associated with a disease that causes anion-gap metabolic acidosis, mixed metabolic acidosis occurs and becomes exacerbated. Furthermore, it is important to consider the complications of renal tubular acidosis in the case of severe metabolic acidosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-198
Number of pages4
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 11-2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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