To clarify the effect of vasogenic brain edema on the brainstem, the relationships between waveform changes in brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disturbance following transient hindbrain ischemia were investigated. Hindbrain ischemia was induced in gerbils by bilateral occlusion of the vertebral arteries. The animals were divided into three groups subjected to 0, 5, and 30 min of bilateral vertebral occlusion (BVO-0',-5', and -30' groups; n = 4 in each group). Two hours after recirculation, Evans blue (EB) solution was injected into the saphenous vein. The brains were removed after 30 min of circulation, and all areas stained macroscopically by EB were noted and recorded. During hindbrain ischemia, BAEP disappeared within 3 min. In the BVO-5' group, BAEP reappeared and returned to normal within 10 min after reperfusion, whereas in the BVO-30' group, BAEP never returned to normal and finally disappeared within 30 min after reperfusion. In the BVO-5' group, no EB staining was visible. On the other hand, in the BVO-30' group, EB staining was seen in the medial part of the tegmentum in the midbrain in two animals, and around the vestibular nucleus in the lateral parts of the pons in three. These results demonstrate the close relationship between the reversibility of ischemia-induced changes in BAEP and BBB disturbance in the brainstem.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology