The incidence of chronic GVHD, involved organs, and outcome were evaluated in 59 patients aged 15 years or more who survived for 2 months or more after HLA-matched bone marrow transplantation. The incidence of chronic GVHD was 65.3%. The incidence was not correlated with the age at the time of transplantation, underlying disease, or the method to prevent GVHD (group treated with MTX alone and CSP-treated group). Concerning the degree of organ involvement, the CSP-treated group more frequently showed slight involvement and, especially a significantly lower incidence of dryness of the eyeballs. According to organs, the oral cavity was most frequently involved (87%), followed in order by the liver (74%), skin (52%), and the eyes (30%). The oral cavity alone was involved in 6 patients, and the outcome was generally good. The outcome of multi-organ involvement of chronic GVHD was poor, and the major causes of death were interstitial pneumonia and sepsis. Even of patients who did not develop chronic GVHD, 25% showed dryness of the eyeballs and oral cavity. Biopsy and careful observation of the clinical course are needed for diagnosing GVHD.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology|
|Publication status||Published - 12-1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes