Background: In Japan, donations after circulatory death kidney transplantation are widely performed due to legislation delays. The number of donations after brain death kidney transplantations is increasing, but the target remains unmet. We reviewed the outcomes of donation after circulatory death in Japan. Methods: We analyzed 2923 deceased kidney transplantations (2239: donation after circulatory death (DCD), 684: donation after brain death (DBD)) performed in Japan from 2000 to 2019. The outcomes of the DCD and DBD groups were compared. We examined the risk factors for graft loss in the DCD group. Results: The 5-year patient survival and death-censored graft survival rates of the DCD group, obtained by propensity score matching, were 93.6% and 95.2%, respectively, which were equivalent to 94.2% and 93.8%, respectively, obtained in the DBD group. Older donors (≥ 50 years) and prolonged cold ischemia time (≥ 12 h) were risk factors for graft loss; in the presence of these, graft survival was lower in the DCD group. Conclusions: Older donors and prolonged cold ischemia time reduced graft survival in the DCD group. Proper evaluation of donors and careful preparation for transplant surgery are, therefore, essential to ensure good transplant outcomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)