BACKGROUND: Lysozyme chloride is a bactericidal substance that is included as an active ingredient in many medicines and quasi-drugs. We experienced a case of anaphylactic reaction caused by deodorant spray-containing lysozyme chloride. CASE: The patient was a 10-year-old girl who had an egg allergy. She visited an emergency department because of urticaria, wheezing, dyspnea, and pallor after she used deodorant spray that contained lysozyme chloride derived from hen's egg white. Results for deodorant spray and lysozyme chloride were positive in both skin prick tests and basophil activation tests. According to the medical history and the results, her condition was diagnosed as an anaphylactic reaction to lysozyme chloride in the deodorant spray. DISCUSSION: Although ingredient labelling is obligatory for lysozyme chloride in quasi-drugs, lysozyme chloride is not often described to be derived from egg white. It is important to alert patients with egg allergy to avoid lysozyme chloride-containing products.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy