Anesthesia for Cesarean Section and Postpartum Cardiovascular Events in Congenital Heart Disease: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Akito Tsukinaga, Kenji Yoshitani, Yosuke Kubota, Eiki Kanemaru, Kunihiro Nishimura, Soshiro Ogata, Michikazu Nakai, Rie Tsukinaga, Chizuko A. Kamiya, Jun Yoshimatsu, Yoshihiko Ohnishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To clarify the association between anesthetic technique and maternal and neonatal outcomes in parturients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Design: Retrospective, observational cohort study. Setting: An academic hospital. Participants: A total of 263 consecutive parturients with CHD who underwent cesarean section from 1994 to 2019. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: The authors compared postpartum cardiovascular events (composite of heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, arrhythmia, and thromboembolic complications) and neonatal outcomes (intubation and Apgar score <7 at one or five minutes) by anesthetic technique. Among 263 cesarean sections, general anesthesia was performed in 47 (17.9%) parturients and neuraxial anesthesia in 214 (81.3%) parturients. Cardiovascular events were more common in the general anesthesia group (n = 7; 14.9%) than in the neuraxial anesthesia group (n = 17; 7.9%). Generalized linear mixed models assuming a binomial distribution (ie, mixed-effects logistic regression), with a random intercept for each modified World Health Organization classification for maternal cardiovascular risk, revealed that general anesthesia was not significantly associated with cardiovascular events (odds ratio [OR], 1.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.30-3.29). In addition, general anesthesia was associated with composite neonatal outcomes (Apgar score <7 at one or five minutes or need for neonatal intubation; OR, 13.3; 95% CI, 5.52-32.0). Conclusion: Anesthetic technique is not significantly associated with postpartum composite cardiovascular events. General anesthesia is significantly associated with increased need for neonatal intubation and lower Apgar scores.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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