Aneuploidy of a murine immortalized endothelial cell line, MS1

Kyoko Hida, Nako Maishi, Dorcas Akuba Muhyia Annan, Miyako Kondoh, Takayuki Hojo, Umma Habiba, Noritaka Ohga, Kosuke Ishikawa, Masumi Sato, Chisaho Torii, Misa Yanagiya, Masahiro Morimoto, Yasuhiro Hida, Masanobu Shindoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives We have previously reported that tumor endothelial cells (TECs) are chromosomally abnormal. It is generally known that immortalized cells have chromosomal abnormalities. In this study, our objective was to compare chromosomal properties of an immortalized normal endothelial cell (NEC) line, MS1, and those of TECs, to assess the possible usefulness of MS1 cells as a surrogate for TECs, which have some experimental intractability as primary cultured endothelial cells. Methods Primary cultured NECs were isolated from murine dermis tissue. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to analyze aneuploidy in MS1 cells and NECs. DNA damage response (DDR) activation was analyzed by γH2AX staining. We also tested the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the chromosomal abnormalities of MS1 cells. Results MS1 cells showed a higher rate of aneuploidy than NECs did (91.6% versus 7.6%). A DDR was activated to a greater extent in MS1 cells than in NECs, judging by H2AX phosphorylation. ROS induced H2AX activation in MS1 cells, suggesting that ROS are involved in their DDR. Conclusion MS1 cells are aneuploid and activate H2AX to a greater extent than NECs do. MS1 cells resemble TECs in terms of the proliferative phenotype and aneuploidy. Thus, MS1 may be a good cell line for studies on the relation between chromosomal instability and a DDR in nonmalignant cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Oral Biosciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Dentistry


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