Antimicrobial Time-Out for Vancomycin by Infectious Disease Physicians Versus Clinical Pharmacists: A Before-After Crossover Trial

Shinya Hasegawa, Yasuaki Tagashira, Shutaro Murakami, Yasunori Urayama, Akane Takamatsu, Yuki Nakajima, Hitoshi Honda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The present study assessed the impact of time-out on vancomycin use and compared the strategy's efficacy when led by pharmacists versus infectious disease (ID) physicians at a tertiary care center. Methods: Time-out, consisting of a telephone call to inpatient providers and documentation of vancomycin use >72 hours, was performed by ID physicians and clinical pharmacists in the Departments of Medicine and Surgery/Critical Care. Patients in the Department of Medicine were assigned to the clinical pharmacist-led arm, and patients in the Department of Surgery/Critical Care were assigned to the ID physician-led arm in the initial, 6-month phase and were switched in the second, 6-month phase. The primary outcome was the change in weekly days of therapy (DOT) per 1000 patient-days (PD), and vancomycin use was compared using interrupted time-series analysis. Results: Of 587 patients receiving vancomycin, 132 participated, with 79 and 53 enrolled in the first and second phases, respectively. Overall, vancomycin use decreased, although the difference was statistically nonsignificant (change in slope, -0.25 weekly DOT per 1000 PD; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.68 to 0.18; P = .24). The weekly vancomycin DOT per 1000 PD remained unchanged during phase 1 but decreased significantly in phase 2 (change in slope, -0.49; 95% CI, -0.84 to -0.14; P = .007). Antimicrobial use decreased significantly in the surgery/critical care patients in the pharmacist-led arm (change in slope, -0.77; 95% CI, -1.33 to -0.22; P = .007). Conclusions: Vancomycin time-out was moderately effective, and clinical pharmacist-led time-out with surgery/critical care patients substantially reduced vancomycin use.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberofab125
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Infectious Diseases


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