Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Vascular changes in individuals with OSAS have not been fully elucidated, however. The possible impact of OSAS on the extent of aortic pressure augmentation (AG), an indicator of cardiovascular risk, was investigated. Forty-five consecutive male patients aged 35 to 78 years (56.0±9.6 years) who we ferred to the sleep clinic of Nagoya University Hospital for screening and treatment of OSAS and 71 age-matched healthy men were enrolled in, he study. AG was derived from the pressure waveform measured at the radial artery by applanation tonometry. The number of apnea and hypopnea episodes per hour (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI]) was determined by standard polysomnography. AG was significantly greater in OSAS patients than in controls (9.0±4.1 vs. 6.4±3.4 mmHg, p<0.001), and it was significantly reduced in 19 OSAS patients treated with continuous positive airway pressure. AG was also significantly correlated with the AHI (r=0.562, p<0.001) and age (r=0.356, p=0.016) but not with the serum concentrations of low and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglyceride, or glycosylated hemoglobin. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the AHI was the most significant contributing factor to the increased AG in OSAS patients (β=0.109, r=0.530, p<0.001). OSAS may thus have an adverse effect on vascular function that can be ameliorated by appropriate treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine