Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital

Shinichiro Maeshima, Sayaka Okamoto, Hideto Okazaki, Reisuke Funahashi, Shigenori Hiraoka, Hirokazu Hori, Kei Yagihashi, Ikuko Fuse, Shinichiro Tanaka, Naoki Asano, Shigeru Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to clarify the relationship between aphasia and hematoma type/volume in patients with left putaminal hemorrhage admitted to a rehabilitation facility. Methods: We evaluated the relationship between the presence, type, and severity of aphasia and hematoma type/volume in 92 patients with putaminal hemorrhage aged 29-83 years. Hematoma type and volume were evaluated on the basis of CT images obtained at stroke onset. The Standard Language Test for Aphasia was conducted as part of the initial assessment. Results: Aphasia was observed in 79 of 92 patients. A total of 31 patients had fluent aphasia, while 48 had non-fluent aphasia. Non-fluent aphasia often involved hematoma on the anterior limb of the internal capsule, while fluent aphasia often involved hematoma on the posterior limb of internal capsule. When the hematoma volume exceeded 20 mL, patients experienced difficulty in repeating spoken words. When hematoma volume exceeded 40 mL, non-fluent aphasia was observed in all patients. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that hematoma type and volume not only influence the development of aphasia following putaminal hemorrhage but also play a major role in determining the patient's fluency and repetition ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-37
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Neurology
Volume79
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2018

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Putaminal Hemorrhage
Aphasia
Hematoma
Rehabilitation
Wernicke Aphasia
Internal Capsule
Extremities
Language Tests
Aptitude
Stroke

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Maeshima, S., Okamoto, S., Okazaki, H., Funahashi, R., Hiraoka, S., Hori, H., ... Sonoda, S. (2018). Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital. European Neurology, 79(1-2), 33-37. https://doi.org/10.1159/000471921
Maeshima, Shinichiro ; Okamoto, Sayaka ; Okazaki, Hideto ; Funahashi, Reisuke ; Hiraoka, Shigenori ; Hori, Hirokazu ; Yagihashi, Kei ; Fuse, Ikuko ; Tanaka, Shinichiro ; Asano, Naoki ; Sonoda, Shigeru. / Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital. In: European Neurology. 2018 ; Vol. 79, No. 1-2. pp. 33-37.
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Maeshima, S, Okamoto, S, Okazaki, H, Funahashi, R, Hiraoka, S, Hori, H, Yagihashi, K, Fuse, I, Tanaka, S, Asano, N & Sonoda, S 2018, 'Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital', European Neurology, vol. 79, no. 1-2, pp. 33-37. https://doi.org/10.1159/000471921

Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital. / Maeshima, Shinichiro; Okamoto, Sayaka; Okazaki, Hideto; Funahashi, Reisuke; Hiraoka, Shigenori; Hori, Hirokazu; Yagihashi, Kei; Fuse, Ikuko; Tanaka, Shinichiro; Asano, Naoki; Sonoda, Shigeru.

In: European Neurology, Vol. 79, No. 1-2, 01.03.2018, p. 33-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Sonoda, Shigeru

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N2 - Objective: We aimed to clarify the relationship between aphasia and hematoma type/volume in patients with left putaminal hemorrhage admitted to a rehabilitation facility. Methods: We evaluated the relationship between the presence, type, and severity of aphasia and hematoma type/volume in 92 patients with putaminal hemorrhage aged 29-83 years. Hematoma type and volume were evaluated on the basis of CT images obtained at stroke onset. The Standard Language Test for Aphasia was conducted as part of the initial assessment. Results: Aphasia was observed in 79 of 92 patients. A total of 31 patients had fluent aphasia, while 48 had non-fluent aphasia. Non-fluent aphasia often involved hematoma on the anterior limb of the internal capsule, while fluent aphasia often involved hematoma on the posterior limb of internal capsule. When the hematoma volume exceeded 20 mL, patients experienced difficulty in repeating spoken words. When hematoma volume exceeded 40 mL, non-fluent aphasia was observed in all patients. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that hematoma type and volume not only influence the development of aphasia following putaminal hemorrhage but also play a major role in determining the patient's fluency and repetition ability.

AB - Objective: We aimed to clarify the relationship between aphasia and hematoma type/volume in patients with left putaminal hemorrhage admitted to a rehabilitation facility. Methods: We evaluated the relationship between the presence, type, and severity of aphasia and hematoma type/volume in 92 patients with putaminal hemorrhage aged 29-83 years. Hematoma type and volume were evaluated on the basis of CT images obtained at stroke onset. The Standard Language Test for Aphasia was conducted as part of the initial assessment. Results: Aphasia was observed in 79 of 92 patients. A total of 31 patients had fluent aphasia, while 48 had non-fluent aphasia. Non-fluent aphasia often involved hematoma on the anterior limb of the internal capsule, while fluent aphasia often involved hematoma on the posterior limb of internal capsule. When the hematoma volume exceeded 20 mL, patients experienced difficulty in repeating spoken words. When hematoma volume exceeded 40 mL, non-fluent aphasia was observed in all patients. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that hematoma type and volume not only influence the development of aphasia following putaminal hemorrhage but also play a major role in determining the patient's fluency and repetition ability.

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Maeshima S, Okamoto S, Okazaki H, Funahashi R, Hiraoka S, Hori H et al. Aphasia Following Left Putaminal Hemorrhage at a Rehabilitation Hospital. European Neurology. 2018 Mar 1;79(1-2):33-37. https://doi.org/10.1159/000471921