Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are very important in the development of the vertebrate gut. In the avian embryonic stomach (proventriculus), expression of embryonic chick pepsinogen (ECPg) gene, which is specific to developing glandular cells in stomach epithelium, is regulated by mesenchymal influence. Molecular mechanisms of tissue-specific transcriptional regulation of the ECPg gene and the molecular nature of the mesenchymal signals were analyzed using a combination of the classic organ culture system and gene transfer strategies. In the present review, three methods for the introduction of DNA into tissues are described: lipofection, electroporation and retroviral infection, and characteristics of each system are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology