Are There Maternal Deaths Related to Hemorrhagic Stroke Due to Hypertensive Disorder of Pregnancy That Could Be Potentially Preventable by Tight Hypertension Management in Antepartum? A Retrospective Study from the Maternal Death Exploratory Committee in Japan

Hiroaki Tanaka, Junichi Hasegawa, Shinji Katsuragi, Kayo Tanaka, Tatsuya Arakaki, Masamitsu Nakamura, Eijiro Hayata, Masahiko Nakata, Akihiko Sekizawa, Isamu Ishiwata, Tomoaki Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Unlike Europe and the United States, Japan has seen numerous maternal deaths from hemorrhagic strokes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). This study retrospectively analyzed deaths associated with HDP-related hemorrhagic stroke in Japan to determine the number of deaths that may have been prevented with blood pressure control during pregnancy. Methods: This study included maternal deaths related to hemorrhagic stroke cases. The proportion of patients without proteinuria whose blood pressure exceeded 140/90 mmHg between 14+0 and 33+6 weeks of gestation were determined. Lastly, the application of tight antihypertensive management was evaluated. Results: Among 34 HDP-related maternal deaths, 4 cases involved patients without proteinuria whose blood pressures exceeded 140/90 mmHg between 14+0 and 33+6 weeks of gestation. These included two chronic hypertension and two gestational hypertension cases. None of the patients received antihypertensive agents, and their blood pressures were managed leniently. Conclusion: Among HDP-related hemorrhagic stroke deaths in Japan, only a few cases of maternal death could have been prevented with tight blood pressure management, as described in the CHIPS randomized controlled trial. Therefore, to prevent HDP-related hemorrhagic stroke in Japan, new preventive strategies during pregnancy should be established.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2908
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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