Proper bioriented attachment of microtubules and kinetochores is essential for the precise distribution of duplicated chromosomes to each daughter cell. An aberrant kinetochore-microtubule attachment results in chromosome instability, which leads to cellular transformation or apoptosis. In this article, we show that ubiquitin-associated protein 2-like (UBAP2L) is necessary for correct kinetochore-microtubule attachment. Depletion of UBAP2L inhibited chromosome alignment in metaphase and delayed progression to anaphase by activating spindle assembly checkpoint signaling. In addition, UBAP2L knockdown increased side-on attachment of kinetochores along the microtubules and suppressed stable kinetochore fiber formation. A proteomics analysis identified protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT)1 as a direct interaction partner of UBAP2L. UBAP2L has an arginine- and glycine-rich motif called the RGG/RG or GAR motif in the N terminus. Biochemical analysis confirmed that arginine residues in the RGG/RG motif of UBAP2L were directly methylated by PRMT1. Finally, we demonstrated that the RGG/RG motif of UBAP2L is essential for the proper alignment of chromosomes in metaphase for the accurate distribution of chromosomes. Our results show a possible role for arginine methylation in UBAP2L for the progression of mitosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology