Assessment of patients’ characteristics associated with the efficacy and safety of oral valganciclovir treatment for infants with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus disease

Japanese Congenital Cytomegalovirus Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Insurance coverage for oral valganciclovir (VGCV) began in Japan in April 2023 on the basis of results, including our clinical trials for symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. The VGCV treatment is available throughout Japan, so clinicians must consider the likelihood of hearing improvement and the possibility of neutropenia before dosing. Materials and methods: We performed a substudy of an investigator-initiated, single-arm, prospective, multicenter, clinical trial in which 24 infants with symptomatic congenital CMV disease were orally administered 16 mg/kg VGCV twice daily for 6 months as an intervention. We examined the infants’ baseline characteristics associated with improved hearing impairment or a severely reduced neutrophil count. Results: Of the 24 patients, 4 had normal hearing on assessment of their ear with the best hearing. Hearing impairment improved in 14 patients and did not respond to VGCV treatment in 6 patients at the 6-month hearing assessment. CMV DNA levels in plasma at baseline were higher in patients in whom hearing did not respond to treatment. A neutrophil count <500/mm3 occurred in 5 (21%) patients for the first 6 weeks and in 8 (33%) patients for the first 6 months. A neutrophil count at screening and the lowest neutrophil count over the 6 months showed the highest correlation (r = 0.477, p = 0.019). Conclusions: Infants with a low plasma viral load at screening tend to have an improvement in hearing impairment. Clinicians should be aware of neutropenia during VGCV treatment particularly in patients with a low neutrophil count during screening.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of patients’ characteristics associated with the efficacy and safety of oral valganciclovir treatment for infants with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this